Document Type : Research Article
Electrical Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Electrical Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Nowadays, non-linear loads are being used in distribution systems increasingly. Despite the good features such as low initial construction cost, high efficiency, and controllability, these loads cause harmonic distortions. In previous studies, passive harmonic filters have been proposed to decrease the produced harmonics, and to do so, various techniques have been suggested. However, the probability of daily load change, possible arrangements of distribution grid taking into consideration the filter design requirements and the impact of temperature change in harmonic filter parameters have been neglected in these studies. Therefore, in the current paper, a comprehensive model based on the probabilistic rearrangement of the distribution grid has been presented for the probabilistic planning of passive harmonic filters. In the proposed method, a two-level probabilistic optimization problem has been introduced with the objective of reducing harmonic distortions, voltage profile improvement, and loss, and investment cost reduction. As a result, the optimum placement of filters, the most optimal number and type of filters, and filter design parameters have been determined. The proposed procedure has been applied on the modified 33-bus IEEE network. The simulation results indicate that neglecting grid rearrangement may lead to a violation of power quality limits during some hours of the day. On the other hand, the combination of various network topologies in planning studies, ensures that the total harmonic distortion (THD) level is maintained within the standard range, guaranteeing loss, line density, and filter investment cost reduction.