Diagnosing Cancerous Tumor Using Photoacoustic Imaging and Thermoacoustic Tomography with Electric Excitation Techniques—A Numerical Approach for Comparison

Document Type : Research Article


1 Electronic Engineering, Department of Electrical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran

2 Electronic engineering, Institute of Modern Physics, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen, P. R. China


A numerical study and simulation of cancerous tumor detection using the Photoacoustic (PA) phenomenon and Thermoacoustic Tomography with Electric Excitation (TATE) are presented. This report was in a small dimension of mimic breast tissue. Moreover, the different layers of the breast were considered. The optical, thermal, elastic, electric, and acoustic characteristics of different layers of the breast tissue and tumor at a radiated laser wavelength (800 nm), and electric voltage pulse were accurately calculated or obtained from reliable sources to calculate accurately and realistically. Furthermore, the amount and power of voltage and laser have been selected as the minimum allowable values to accurately compare the two methods. Therefore, it was possible to rely on the values and characteristics of the resulting data in comparing the accuracy and clarification of the two methods. A single suitable platform for simulating, which is commercially available Finite Element software (COMSOL®), has been selected. By using this platform, we were able to simulate these two methods from stimulation to propagation continuously. Finally, by studying the data matrix of the two simulations, we can demonstrate the maximum difference of stress in and out of tumor in the two methods is about 0.1 Pa higher in PAT relative to the TATE. It means PAT is more accurate than TATE, and the combination of these two methods can be ideal for the accurate and complete study of cancerous tumors.


Main Subjects

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