Suggested New Voltage and Frequency Control Framework for Autonomous Operation of Microgrids

Document Type : Research Article


1 MSc. Student, Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Instructor, Iranian Oil Pipelines and Telecommunication Company (IOPTC), Sananadaj, Iran


Decentralized control strategies are popular candidates in microgrids control because of their reliability and performance. Conventionally, droop control (as a main decentralized strategy) is been utilized in order to prevent permanent droop of voltage and frequency after change in loads and also to share generated power between distributed generation units. In this paper, a new droop control strategy was introduced to control the voltage and frequency of autonomous microgrids. Following a review of the basic droop equations, it was concluded that the new form of droop equations enhanced the voltage and frequency control performance better than conventional droop equations. The voltage control behavior in the proposed method was within the acceptable range, and the frequency also returned to the nominal value after a change in loads. The simplicity and accurateness of the proposed method is a unique characteristic compared with the other recent control methods. Simulation studies showed the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy in different scenarios.


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